-Cut flower stalks back to the ground on daffodils, hyacinths, and other spring flowering bulbs as the
flowers fade. Do not cut foliage until it dies naturally.The leaves are necessary to produce strong capable
bulbs of reflowering.
-April includes National Arbor Day. Plant a tree, or support an organization that plants trees.
-Prune spring blooming shrubs such as forsythia and lilacs after they have completed flowering.
-Remove sticks, rocks, and other debris from your lawn to prevent damaging your lawnmower or
injuring yourself when mowing.
-Plant gladioli bulbs in late May.
-Set out marigold, petunia, ageratum and fibrous begonia transplants. All are good border plants.
-To grow annuals in containers on the patio, use a light weight soil mixture. Keep the plants well-watered,
because the soil dries out fast. Apply a water soluble fertilizer according to package directions every
-Watering roses with soaker hoses or drip irrigation will reduce the spread of black spot disease.
-Mulch around newly planted trees and shrubs. This practice reduces weeds, controls fluctuations in
soil temperatures, retains moisture, prevents damage from lawn mowers and looks attractive.
-Lawns maintained at the correct height are less likely to have disease and weed infestation.
Kentucky Bluegrass and Tall Fescue should be mowed at 2-21/2 inches in height. Mow frequently,
removing no more than 1/3 of the blade at each cutting.
-For hanging baskets in cool, shady locations, use tuberous begonias, ferns or impatiens in combination
with trailing plants.
-Remove old flower heads from annual bedding plants to keep them blooming.
-Disbud chrysanthemum flowers to secure large, beautiful blooms on straight, strong stems. To disbud,
remove the small side buds along the stems which form in the angles of the leaves. This will allow all
of the food reserves to be used for one large flower rather than many smaller ones.
-Watch for and control blackspot and powdery mildew on rose foliage.
-The best time to harvest most herbs is just before flowering, when the leaves contain the maximum
-Leftover vegetable and flower seeds may be stored in a cool dry location to be saved for planting next year.
-Tall flowers should be staked to prevent damage by wind. Use stakes which are large enough to support the plant
but are not too conspicuous. Use soft twine or twist ties to secure.
-A garden needs one inch of rain or water each week. Early morning is the best time to water. Evening watering
is less desirable because plant leaves that remain wet through the night are more susceptible to fungus diseases.
-Mulch plants to reduce water losses and improve yields.
-For fall harvest of lettuce, radish, carrots, beets, turnips, kale, and spinach, sow seeds in late July to early August.
-Check the soil moisture of container grown vegetables and flowers daily. As the temperature rises, some plants may
need water twice a day.
-Keep tall flowers staked and cut out dead flower stalks.
-Check on water needs of hanging baskets daily in the summer. Wind and sun dry them much more quickly
than other containers.
-Pick summer squash and zucchini every day or two to keep the plants producing.
-Water the garden early in the day so plants can absorb the moisture before the hot sun dries the soil.
Early watering also ensures that the foliage dries before night.
-To reduce the number of pests on your fruit tree for the coming year, pick up and destroy all fallen fruit.
-Do not add weeds with mature seed heads to the compost pile. Many weed seeds can remain viable and germinate next year when the compost is used.
Fall and Winter Lawn Maintenance
-Aerate Spring and Fall-it does not matter when, the key is doing it when the ground is soft enough to pull a
-Dormant seed/over-seed after aerating to introduce more drought tolerant varieties. Seed will not germinate until Spring.
-Top-dress with compost. Not overly popular yet, but will become more prevalent and accepted with time.
Mowing and Clean up
-Keep lawn 21/2" tall in the Fall. Scalping to remove leaves damages the crowns and weakens the stand of grass, thus creating weed
problems in Spring.
-Mulch leaves on first pass, bag on second pass to reduce down the volume of debris.
-Help out the neighbor on either side of your property by cleaning up an extra few feet along the property line.
-Follow the five step program to have a successful and great looking lawn!
-Step 1: Fertilizer & Crabgrass Preventer (granular) April 1-30 (Forsythia Bloom)
-Step 2: Post Emergence Weed Control (spray) May 19-23 (Memorial Day)
-Step 3: Grub Control Plus Fertilizer (granular) July 1-10 (4th of July)
-Step 4: Fall Fertilizer with Dandelion Control (spray/granular) Sept. 7-14 (Labor Day)
-Step 5: Winterizer Fertilizer (granular) 13-13-13 Oct. 23-30 (Halloween)
-Repels All-deer and rabbit -Wilt Stop-eliminates winter kill on evergreens
-Tordon-applied to cut trunk kills entire plant -Hi-Yield-weed preventer for mulch beds
-Aluminum Sulfate-soil acidifier -Tri-mec-weed killer in existing lawn
-Gypsum breaks up clay soil -2-4-D weed killer in existing lawn
-Garden Lime-pet dropping lawn repair -Round-up is a non-selective herbicide which kills everything
-Hi-Yield grass killer in evergreen shrub beds
-MYKE-mycorrizhia root transplant stimulator
-Evergreen trees and shrubs need deep root soaking prior to ground freeze. Set the hose on trickle and let it run for an hour on each plant.
-Disconnect hoses from outdoor water supply and store out of sunlight.
-Make sure outdoor faucet is shut off inside and drained back.
-Install plastic tree guards on young trees.
-Place three stakes and chicken wire around trees in deer and rabbit prone areas.
-Spray Wilt Proof on evergreens at Christmas and again on Valentines/President's Day.
-Sprinkle weed preventer in areas where bird seed will spill.
-Leave snow on yews and junipers. It keeps the sun and wind from dehydrating needles.
-Empty fountains and bring pots into garage.
Bed Clean Up and Pruning
-Remove dead foliage from Irsis, Hosta, and Daylilies.
-Leave Ornamental Grass, Rose, Hydrangea, and Sedum to stand through winter.
-Prune in June-otherwise next season's blooms and flowers are gone.
-Top-dress mulch right after the ground freezes.
-Tie up Arborvitae with nylons.
-Install Spring bulbs now.
-Plant new trees and shrubs now. Best survival rates are in Fall.
-Work in Aluminum Sulfate around the roots of evergreens, Rhododendrons, and Azaleas.
-Remember, even though there are no leaves, the roots continue to grow.
-Plant hardy mums in the ground and water in thoroughly. Leave foliage and mulch well.
-Wash out grass clippings from under lawn mower. Put fuel stabilizer in tank, run engine and top off tank
with non-ethanol fuel.
-Spray or wipe penetrating oil or brake fluid on bare metal tools.